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Quick-Action Guide for Anaphylaxis Emergencies: What to Do in the Moment

In the event of an anaphylaxis emergency, it is important to act quickly and calmly to ensure the best possible outcome. Below is a guide for what to do:

  1. Administer epinephrine: If you or someone you are with has a known allergy and is carrying an epinephrine auto-injector, use it immediately. The injection should be given in the outer thigh and can be done through clothing if necessary.

  2. Call for emergency medical help: Dial 911 or the local emergency number and explain that you are experiencing an anaphylaxis emergency. Provide your location and any relevant information about the allergy and treatment that has been administered.

  3. Stay seated: If possible, have the person sit down with their legs elevated to help increase blood flow and reduce the risk of fainting.

  4. Remove any trigger: If the person was stung by an insect, remove the stinger if still present. If they ingested a food allergen, have them rinse their mouth with water.

  5. Monitor breathing and pulse: Check the person's breathing and pulse regularly and be prepared to perform CPR if necessary.

  6. Use additional medication if available: If the person has a second epinephrine auto-injector, it may be necessary to use it after 5-15 minutes. If they have inhaled bronchodilator medication, they should use it as directed.

  7. Wait for medical help: Stay with the person and continue to monitor their breathing and pulse until medical help arrives.

It is important to note that epinephrine is the first-line treatment for anaphylaxis, and it may be necessary to use it more than once in a severe reaction. Individuals with known allergies should always carry an epinephrine auto-injector with them and inform others of their allergy and treatment plan.

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